Black Pepper (Kali Mirch)
Kali mirch or Black pepper:-
Black pepper (Piper nigrum, Kali mirch) is a flowering vine in the family Piperaceae, cultivated for its fruit, which is usually dried and used as a spice and seasoning. When dried, the fruit is known as a peppercorn. Black pepper is the world's most traded spice. Black pepper is ubiquitous in the modern world as a seasoning and is often paired with salt. Pepper spirit and oil can be extracted from the berries by crushing them. Pepper spirit is used in many medicinal and beauty products. Pepper oil is also used as an ayurvedic massage oil and used in certain beauty and herbal treatments. Black pepper contains iron, potassium, calcium, magnesium, manganese, zinc, chromium, vitamins K,A and C, with trace amounts of other essential nutrients, protein and dietary fibre. Black pepper has an active component called piperine that gives black pepper its characteristic taste. Black pepper contains between 4.6% and 9.7% piperine by mass, and white pepper slightly more than that.
Black pepper is fruit of the pepper plant. Black pepper is used for seasoning or spices to add flavor to a meal. Black pepper is made from the berries of a pepper plant which have been picked when almost ripe. Largest producer is the southern Indian state of Kerala.
Common Names :-
English – Black pepper Whole
Hindi – Kali Mirch (काली मिर्च)
Bengali – Gol morich, গোল মরিচ)
Marathi – Kāḷī mirī(काळी मिरी)
Gujarati – મરી
Tamil – கருமிளகு
Telugu – మిరియాలు
Kannada – kāḷu meṇasina puḍi, ಕಾಳು ಮೆಣಸಿನ ಪುಡಿ
Urdu – مرچ کالی